In the book, Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting by Syd Field. He believes that a well-developed character should have these four essential qualities.
- The characters have a strong and defined dramatic need;
- They have an individual point of view.
- They personify an attitude.
- They go through some kind of change or transformation.
If your character has these needs, then Field believes that your character will be received well by the audience and will also be memorable.
Every main character needs a dramatic need; it should be their primary drive, what they want to win, gain, obtain or achieve within the story. This need should be their fuel, their constant source of energy that drives them through the every step of the story. If they don’t have this dramatic need, they shouldn’t be in the story. It is their reason for existing within the world that they exist.
Point of view is defined as the way your character sees the world. Every person on this planet has an individual perspective. Point of view is a belief system and as we know, what we believe to be true, is true.
Is your character in the 99% or 1%? Is your character a racist? Point of view is an individual belief system, and it will define your character’s outlook on to the world he or she lives in. It will be a great way to generate conflict, and no film can progress naturally without conflict. Conflict = Drama.
Attitude is defined as a custom or opinion, and this becomes a way of acting or feeling that will reveal your characters personal opinion. It is common enough to mix up attitude between point of view, and you may struggle to define the differences between these two qualities. It doesn’t necessarily matter, but to help you differentiate the two as much as you can, here’s an example; an attitude is an intellectual decision, and so it can and probably will be classified by a judgment: right or wrong, good or bad, optimistic or pessimistic.
If you can understand your character’s attitude, you will be able to let them touch their humanity in an individual way. Is he enthusiastic about his life or job? Does she think that the Yankees have lost their magic?
“Film is behavior; action is character and character, action; what a person does is who he is, not what he says.”
For more great writing tips I highly recommend buying a copy of Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting: A Step-by-Step Guide from Concept to finished Script. It’s a highly informational book and just one of those books that you should have on your bookshelf.